Valley & Ridge

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In Podcast #19 the Trekkers take you to the Cumberland Gap, an important passageway through the Appalachian Mountains for the early settlers who were traveling west.  Find out how buffalo, then the American Indians, then Daniel Boone helped create this trail!  Take a look at three of Virginia’s five bordering states... all from one spot near the Gap!  We’ll also explore some science SOLs.  Review the phases of the moon, echoing sound waves,  convergent boundaries, and plants and animals of the region.  Come on, let's go trekkin'!

Between 200,000 and 300,000 pioneers crossed the Cumberland Gap from the time that Daniel Boone widened the trail in 1775 to 1810 when other routes west became more popular.  One of those early settlers was a boy named Thomas Lincoln who crossed over with his family to settle in Kentucky. He later grew up to be Abraham Lincoln’s father. 

SOL Correlation:

VS.2 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the geography and early inhabitants of Virginia by

a) locating Virginia and its bordering states on maps of the United States;

  1. c)locating and identifying water features important to the early history of Virginia (Atlantic Ocean, Chesapeake Bay, James River, York River, Potomac River, and Rappanhannock River);


VS.6 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the role of Virginia in the establishment of the new American nation by

c) explaining the influence of geography on the migration of Virginians into western territories.


3.8 The student will investigate and understand basic patterns and cycles occurring in nature.  Key concepts include

a) patterns of natural events (day and night, seasonal changes, phases of the moon, and tides);


4.7 The student will investigate and understand the relationships among the Earth, moon, and sun.  Key concepts include

b) the causes for the Earth’s seasons and phases of the moon;


5.2 The student will investigate and understand how sound is transmitted and is used as a means of communication.


5.7 The student will investigate and understand how the Earth’s surface is constantly changing. Key concepts include

d) plate tectonics (earthquakes and volcanoes);