Valley & Ridge

Updated 8/20/2010

In Podcast #29 Alfonso and David take you on a tour of the Frontier Culture Museum in Staunton, Virginia! Most early settlers in Virginia were either English, Scotch-Irish, German, or African.  Find out how they lived in their home countries before they came to America.  Discover what contributions they brought and how they have influenced your lives today.  Explore the inside and outside of different types of homes. Learn why Staunton, Virginia in the Valley and Ridge Region is a great place for the Frontier Culture Museum. Come on, let's go trekkin'!

The Scotch-Irish were the first to be called hillbillies and rednecks?  The Scotch-Irish were actually people from Scotland who moved to Ireland for religious freedom.  Many of them were supporters of King William “Billy” who allowed them to worship as Presbyterians instead of forcing them to attend the Church of England.  So they were called “Billy Boys,” and when they moved to the hills of Appalachia, they were called “hillbillies.”  The term “redneck” also comes from their struggle for religious freedom.  As a sign of their rejection of the Church of England they wore red strips of cloth around their necks so they were called “rednecks” (Source).

SOL Correlation:

1.12 The student will recognize that communities in Virginia include people who have diverse ethnic origins, customs, and traditions, who make contributions to their communities, and who are united as Americans by common principles.


2.12 The student will understand that the United States is a land of people who have diverse origins, customs, and traditions, who make contributions to their communities, and who are united as Americans by common principles.


VS.4b The student will demonstrate knowledge of life in the Virginia colony by b) describing how European (English, Scotch-Irish, German) immigrants, Africans, and American Indians (First Americans) influenced the cultural landscape and changed the relationship between the Virginia colony and England;

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A Scotch-Irish family. Photo Credits